4) What were Timucua villages like?
There were probably different kinds of villages, some with only a few (10) huts, and others with 50-60 huts and a big Council House. There is a famous picture that shows a rectangular council house and a big fence (palisade) around the village. (Click here "Village" to see this picture.) We know today that there was no fence, and the council house was round. Some council houses were big enough to hold 2000 people. This huge building was used for village dances and meetings. The regular family huts were circular too. They were 20 feet wide and had only one room. (Measure out 20 footsteps to get an idea of how big that is.) The mother, father, brothers, sisters, and maybe even a grandparent would live together in this small place. They had benches covered with animal fur for beds. The walls were made of small tree trunks and grape vines. Palm fronds were woven over and under the vines. These palm fronds would keep out the wind and rain. Some Timucuas had a summer house, with open walls to let the breeze through. They also had a winter house, with palm fronds covering it from the ground to the top, to keep the cold air out. Other huts were built to store dried corn and other foods. The council house was usually in the middle of the village, with family huts around it. Guard shacks may have been built on the edges of the village and near the gardens to protect the people and the crops.
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